Outlander and North Carolina
BRAVE THE NEW WORLD
This post was supposed to be the second one in the series after the initial Regulator post. However, Season four of Outlander on STARZ has contained references to the Regulators in all but two of the episodes. I wanted to share more information about the Regulators to fill in knowledge gaps as even most residents of North Carolina are unaware of the Regulator movement.
More Scots in North Carolina than Scotland
Today North Carolina has more citizens of Scottish ancestry than any other state or country, including Scotland. There aren’t exact numbers but based on those available the Scottish (Lowlanders, Highlanders, and Scotch-Irish) made up the second largest group of European immigrants to the colony of North Carolina. They became a dominant ethnic group in the colony.
The terms lowlanders and highlanders are commonly understood to indicate where in Scotland the people resided. The term Scotch-Irish is used in North America to denote people of Scottish descent who lived for some time in the north of Ireland. The term ‘Ulster Scots’ is also used to describe this group.
Most of the Scotch-Irish arrived in Philadelphia and moved south to the colony. The majority of Scotch-Irish were Anglican.
There are records of Lowland Scots in North Carolina before 1700. It is difficult to trace Lowlander immigration as they integrated into existing communities unlike their Highland brothers who liked to form their own communities. The first governor of the colony, William Drummond, was a Lowland Scot. The majority of Lowland Scots were Presbyterian.
Highlanders began immigrating to the colony of North Carolina around the late 1720s and grew steadily until the beginning of the Revolution creating the most numerous settlement of Highlanders in America. The majority settled in the sand hills area near the upper Cape Fear River of the coastal plain. Cross Creek and Campbelton (modern day Fayetteville) were two of the major towns in this area. The fastest growth occurred in the early 1770s. They settled in the Cape Fear area as there was abundant fertile land for farming. By the beginning of the American Revolution the area began to be called Little Scotland. In 1899 Scotland county was created. Unlike the Lowlanders, Highlanders preferred to live in groups that spoke Gaelic and shared their customs. Highlanders were either Presbyterians or Catholic with some other Protestant sects.
The increase in immigration in the early 1770s was due to the lack of opportunity in the Highlands and the promise of fertile lands in which they would be less under the eye of English authorities. Settling in communities that spoke Gaelic kept the language alive in homes until the late 1880s.
Outlander Tours NC merges the history of colonial North Carolina with the fiction of Diana Gabaldon's Outlander book series and the STARZ Outlander series where Season 4 adapts 'The Drums of Autumn' in which Jamie, Claire and others arrive and settle in North Carolina. Just as Jamie and Claire, you will explore North Carolina from the coastal plains, through the Piedmont and into the Blue Ridge.
Join us on one of our 2019 tours where we visit locations featured in the books and series. Itineraries include one of the many North Carolina Scottish games or historical reenactments.